The Bashkirs name themselves the Bashkort and they are a native people of the Republic of Bashkortostan. There are 863,8 thousand of the Bashkirs in the republic itself, 1345,3 thousand of them are in the Russian Federation. Outside of the republic the Bashkirs live in the Chelyabinsk, Orenburg, Perm, Sverdlovsk, Tyumen, Kurgan, and Samara areas, Tatarstan, Kazakhstan, Central Asia, and in Ukraine. The Bashkirs racial structure is complex and represents mixture of the European and the Mongolian types with local variations. The Bashkirian language belongs to the western branch of Turkic group of the Altai family and has the ramified dialect structure. The Bashkirs also speak the Tatar and Russian languages. The Bashkirs are the Moslems -Sunni by religion.