The Republic of Buryatia is situated in the central part of Asia. Area: 351,3 km2. It borders Irkutsk and Chita Regions, Republic of Tuva and Mongolia and is adjacent to the lake Baikal.
The Buryat population is 450,000 people, more than half lives within the Buryat Republic. A large percentage live in various regions of the Russian Federation and the CIS, as well as in parts of Mongolia and the Peoples Republic of China.
The Buryat people ethnic origin is a mixture of Mongol, Turkic, Tugus, Saoyed and other peoples. The ties between Mongol and Buryat tribes have been close throughout the centuries.
Natural resoucers: zink, gold, bentonite, led, graphite, marble. 72% of the territory is covered by forest. Industy:
mashine building, paper. Agriculture: vegetables, potatoes.
17th century Russian began to invade the region by taking over the most fertile lands and trade routes.
1917 The Buryat National Committee was formed.
1923 The Buryat-Mongol Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic was founded which consisted of the land on which Buryats lived.
1937 Buryat was forced to split to into three parts: the Buryat-Mongol ASSR, the Irkutsk and the Chita provinces.
1970s It was forbidden to teach the Buryat language in school.
1996 The Russian Parliament passed a bill concerning legislation of the State National Policy of the Russian Federation.
Buryats are trying to regain their native culture and language, to solve ethnic problems and to establish contact with Buryats living outside their republic. A particular problem is that any vote for greater autonomy is blocked, due to the fact that Buryats are a minority in their own land.
The Buryatia Republic is considered one of the cultural centres of Eastern Siberia. In capital of republic - Ulan-Ude operate 4 theatres: the Buryat State Academic Opera and Ballet Theatre, the Buryat State Academic Drama Theatre n. a. Khotsa Namsaraev, Russian State Drama Theatre n. a Nikolay Bestuzhev and Republican Theatre of Dolls "Uliger". Names of the Buryat masters of a stage are widely known.