The city of Ioshkar-Ola is part of Mari El Republic, the subject of the Russian Federation and is city of republican value. Ioshkar- Ola in translation on Russian means Red city.
To the beginning of XX century the city was the small settlement consisting of 13 streets, and apartment houses and various structures was totaled in city about 300, and such kind the city was kept practically till 20th years of XX century.
The significant part of objects of historical-cultural value is placed on enough compact territory, adjoining to the river Malaya Kokshaga, and also in area of the modern public centre, adjoining to the Lenin prospectus. They form the complexes of building reflecting the various periods of town-planning development from XVIII till XX cc.
Conducting industries in city are mechanical engineering and metal working. The largest factories are machine-building, semi-conductor devices, trading mechanical engineering.
Ioshkar-Ola is the major transport highway of republic, large industrial and transport unit.
In city of Ioshkar-Ola there are 5 theatres, 3 museums, 4 cinemas, 54 libraries of all departments.
Four hotels are available for travelers in Ioshkar-Ola. None of them are certified to international standards or administered by Western companies. One possibility is to stay at the Ioshkar-Ola hotel. It is located in the central part of the city nearby several administrative buildings of the Republic and city authorities, including that of the Mariy Government. Out-going domestic inter-city and international calls may be made only through an operator. There is a taxi-cab lot round the corner of the hotel. It typically takes 10-15 minutes to ride from the hotel to the train station by cab and 25-30 minutes to the airport.