The capital of Dagestan Makhachkala. The population in Makhachkala is about 400 000.It is seaport and main industrial and cultural centre of the country. Makhachkala is situated between the Tarki maintainside and Caspian sea.
Climate is transitive from sea to continental. Winter is soft; average temperature of January-1C. Summer is very warm , dry; average temperature of July +24 C.
The Makhachkala, petrovskoye in the past, was founed by Peter I in summer 1722. In 1857 it was renamed as Port-Petrovsk and in 1921 it was again renamed in Makhachkala to honor one of the local revolutionaries. Since then it became the official capital of the Dagestan Republic. Makhachkala has a number of industries, different universities , cinemas, theatres and museums.
Makhachkala is the largest railway junction in Dagestan
on a turnover of goods.
Makhachkala is the main seaport on Caspian sea, where the new seaport of the International value now is under construction. In a city boundaries the international airport is constructed.