Russia State   Nations of Russia
 :: Articles
The Russians
The Aguls
The Akhvakhs
The Aleuts
The Altaians
The Andians nations
The Andins
The Archins
The Armenians
The Aserbaijanians
The Assyrians
The Avars
The Baghulals
The Balkarians
The Baraba Tatars
The Bashkirs
The Besermians
The Bezhtians
The Botlikhs
The Bulgarians
The Buryats
The Byelorussians
The Chamalals
The Chechens
The Cherkess
The Chukchis
The Chuvashs
The Cossacks
The Crimean Tatars
The Dargins
The Didos
The Dolgans
The Enets
The Eskimos
The Estonians
The Evenks
The Evens
The Finns
The Gagauz
The Georgians
The Germans
The Ginukhs
The Godoberins
The Greeks
The Gypsies
The Hunzibs
The Ingush
The Itelmens
The Izhorians
The Jews
The Kabards
The Kalmyks
The Karachay
The Karatas
The Karelians
The Kazakhs
The Kets
The Khakass
The Khants
The Khvarshis
The Komi-Permyaks
The Komis
The Koreans
The Koryaks
The Kumuks
The Kyrgyz
The Laks
The Latvians
The Lezgins
The Lithuanians
The Mansis
The Maris
The Moldovans
The Mordvins
The Mountain Jews
The Nanais
The Negidals
The Nenets
The Nganasans
The Nivkhs
The Nogays
The Orochis
The Oroks
The Ossetians
The Permyak Komis
The Poles
The Adygy
The Rutuls
The Saams
The Selkups
The Shors
The Small Nations of North
The Tabasarans
The Tajiks
The Tatars
The Tats
The Teleuts
The Tofalars
The Tsakhurs
The Turkmens
The Tyva
The Udeghes
The Udmurts
The Ukranians
The Ulchis
The Uzbeks
The Veps
The Vods
The Yakuts
The Yukaghirs
 :: Search
Search in articles
Search in current section
 :: Constructor
 :: Game server
 :: Test

The Bezhtians

The BezhtiansThe Bezhtians also known as the Bezhtinians (their self-name), the Kh'vanal, which in the Avarian means 'a horseman', the Kapucha (in the Georgian). They belong to the Tsezsky nations and they are indigenous population of the Western Daghestan. They live also in Georgia (1 thousand persons). A total number of the Bezhtians is 9 thousand persons.

Their native language is the Bezhtian. The Avarian, Russian, Georgian, Tsezsian, Gunzibian, and Ginukhian languages are also common. Writing is in the Avarian language based on the Russian writing. The Benzhtians are the Moslems - Sunni by the religion. In their ethnic territory they live from the 2nd part of the first millennium AD.

In the Soviet time part of the Benzhtians has moved onto the Kumyk plain, between the river Terek and Sulak. The traditional occupations are a cattle breeding and agriculture (barley, rye, wheat, oat, legumes, garlic, tobacco). In the Soviet period the cereal acreage has increased, and the gardening and vegetable growing have received development (mainly on the Kumyk plain).

The Bezhtian family is usually small. There were forms of the undivided families in 1930th-1940th. The importance of patriarchal associations (Tukhum) is still great. The Bezhtians were organized in communities (Jamaat). Traditions of the family and funeral ceremonialism; customs of respect of elders, mutual aid, hospitality, and friendship are remain.

Men's traditional clothes are trousers, a shirt, beshmet, the Circassian coat, a jacket, a felt cloak, sheepskin coats and hats, knitted wool boots, leather, felt footwear on the wood sole. Until the 2nd half of the 19th century the Bezhtian men carried a dagger and a knife on the belt. They have shaved a head, leaving moustaches and a beard. Women wear various dresses - shirts, dresses, long trousers, a cloth belt, a cap - (chukhta), scarves, shawls, and various silver decorations. Women's footwear was the same as men's.

Traditional food is a flour and meat-and-milk products: various khinkaly, unleavened and sour bread, a dough from an oatmeal, porridges, soups, boiled meat, cheese, pies. Muslim and calendar holidays are celebrated. Proverbs, sayings, songs, ballads, fairy tales, lullabies etc. are transferred on in the Avarian and Bezhtian languages.

    On this theme:

Copyright © RIN 2001-. Russia Russia site map Feedback