Russia Day is a holiday of national unity celebrated in Russia on June 12. On this day, in 1990, Russian parliament formally declared its sovereignty.
The holiday changed its name twice. Initially it was named Independence Day then in 1994 was renamed to Day of the adoption of the Declaration of Sovereignty of the Russian Federation and finally on 1 February 2002 was officially renamed to Russia Day (in 1998 Boris Yeltsin offered this name socially). While the holiday has been officially recognized since 1991 when it was established by Boris Yeltsin, 2003 was the first year that it was celebrated in a major way, when promoted by Vladimir Putin.
The sense of the holiday, which should not carry only political colouring, is much wider: idea of Fatherland independence; patriotism, during all centuries peculiar to citizens of Russia; connection of the native land past and future; a unification of its citizens of different nationalities; feeling of national advantage of Russians; idea of the Russian statehood and originality.