Vsevolod Vitalievich Vyshnevsky
8 .12.1900, St. Petersburg, - 28.2.1951, Moscow
The Russian Soviet writer
He was born in St. Petersburg in the family of land surveyor. Since childhood he was familiar with publishing (in the house where he lived, there were two publishing houses, and workers frequently invited the boy and showed him the work). By the age of 12 Vishnevsky had known about publishing, editorial and typographical work.
He studied in the Petersburg gymnasia and his favourite subjects were Russian, history and geography. He was the editor of school magazine "Under School Desk". Vishnevsky started to keep diaries early and that helped him in his literary life.
When Vishnevsky was 14 years old, that was the time of First World War, he volunteered to the front and became ship's boy on the Baltic Fleet. During
1915 - 1916 he served in the Guards as the Sergeant Major of reconnaissance, he was decorated with three Georgian Crosses and achieved the real life
In army in June 1917 Vishnevsky joined the Bolsheviks. He took part in the October revolt of 1917 in Petrograd. During the Civil war he served as the machine gunner in First Cavalry Army and was the commander and the commissar in the Baltic and Black Sea Fleet.
Vishnevsky started to publish in 1920. He was the editor of magazine "Krasnoflotets". Vishnevsky took part in the Soviet-Finnish War of 1939-1940 and the Great Patriotic War (his rank was the captain). Since 1944 he was the editor of magazine "Znamya". In 1924 "Collection of Sea Stories" was published. The romantic play "First Cavalry Army" (1929) is dedicated to heroic events of the Civil War. Then he wrote the play "the Last and the Decisive" (1931), publicist tragedy "In the West There Is Battle" (1931, published in 1933), which was one of the first Soviet
antifascist plays, "Optimistic Tragedy" (1933), where the loss of Red Army's regiment served to the victory of the Bolsheviks truth. This play and the film script "We Are From Kronstadt" (1933) became the classical works of the Soviet dramatic art.
Vishnevsky wrote plays "Near the Walls of Leningrad" (1944) and "Unforgettable 1919" (1949; the State Prize of the USSR, 1950); film "We are Russian People" (1937) and the uncompleted documentary and artistic epopee "War".
Vishnevsky's works characterized by the romantic pathetics, swift action, mastery of the crowd scenes, oratorical skills and political orientation.
His plays are famous abroad.
Vishnevsky was also the publicist, contributed to the newspaper "Pravda" and was the military correspondent during the Great Patriotic War.
Vishnevsky was decorated with 2 Orders of Lenin, 5 other Orders and also medals.