As against to Bolsheviks their opponents raised armed units separately from each other, using experience of the former Russian army. In November 1917 the Alekseevskaya organization was formed in Novocherkassk. From the end of December it started to be called the Voluntary army, which was headed by general L.G.Kornilov.
In the Don area general P.N.Krasnov in April 1918 started formation of the Don army. In the east of Russia in the beginning of 1918 the troops under command of the commissioner of the Provisional Government in Transbaikalia, the hereditary cossack yesaul I.M.Semenov and the ataman of Ussurian cossacks yesaul I.M.Kalmykov were formed with assistance of English officers. On the territory of China, in Harbin, general L.Horvat, and in the Volga region nobleman colonel V.O.Kappel raised the armed units. Under direction of the Committee of members of the Constituent Assembly in Samara the work on organization of the National army was conducted.
In April 1918 the Ural army government, headed by Menshevik G.M.Fomichev, formed the Ural army, and the Siberian Provisional Government (chairman P.V. Vologdodsky) in June - the East-Siberian (from the end of July - Siberian) army. In the north with active participation of allies, the Slavonic-British legion was formed, in Baltic - voluntary rifle battalions were raised of the Russians, the Baltic Germans, the Lithuanians, the Latvians and the Estonians. Central Rada at the end of 1917 started raising the Ukrainian units. In Transcaucasia the work on formation of Moslem, Armenian and Georgian corps was deployed. Basmanian troops became the main support of anti-Bolsheviks forces in Turkestan.
In April 1919 the Provisional government of the Northern area acknowledged the Supreme authority of admiral A.V.Kolchak. In May he appointed general E.K.Miller the Commander-in-chief of the armies of the Northern area. The Northern army, which formation started in 1918 on the territory of Pskov and Vitebsk provinces, was included in the structure of Pskov voluntary corps. In June 1919 the corps developed into the Northern (since July, 1 - the Northwest) army. At the same time general P.R.Bermond-Avalov started raising of the Western voluntary army, which because of the refusal to obey to general N.N.Judenich was disbanded in December. The chairman of the Ukrainian directory S.V.Petljura managed to raise the Ukrainian national army with the strength up to 30 thousand soldiers in Ukraine.