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The country estate of the Usatshev-Naidyonov family

The country estate of the Usatshev-Naidyonov familyAn outstanding architect D. I. Gilardi created the manor ensemble by the merchants Usatchevs? order in 1829-1831.
Supposedly it was A. G. Grigoriev who proceeded with the designing and building the farmstead in the 1830s. In the middle of the XIX century the Khludovs took possession of the manor. And then at the end of the XIX ? beginning of the XX century the mansion passed into the hands of Naidenovs.
The large house dominates over the farmstead ensemble. An eight-columnar Ionic portico distinguishes the central part of the building.
The portico is lifted on the ground floor arcade, which originally was open. There?s the main entrance to the court to the left of the house. Pair cast-iron lions and griffins form the decor of the main porch against a simple, but tasteful front background. Owing to large-scale premises, situated in the main court, it produces a sublime impression.
The location of the manor is used with an advantageous effect. A wide sloping ramp ? the slope to the park ? begins from a gorgeously decorated portal. White-stoned gates of the ramp are covered with cast-iron vases and two lying lions at the end of it.
Two round pavilions, closing the cross-alleys and a grotto near the ramp, remained intact till the present day. ?The Usatchevs-Naidenovs? manor, created in 1829-1831, is considered almost D. Gilardi?s best work. Perfect architecture, amazing murals, a unique hammered awning over the main entrance are splendid examples of the style of mature classicism.
The reconstructions of the manor distorted its appearance. But after the 1950 restoration according to I. Ruben and G. Solodkaya?s project the premises were given back their original architectural appearance. At the same time the decor of the main building was restored.
The picturesque farmstead park, located on the Yauza bank, is linked with the house with an ornamental ramp.
Unfortunately only two columnar pavilions and a grotto remained up to now. The Concert hall vanished long ago, the completely restored Tea house disappeared during a terrible fire.? At present a medical sports health centre occupies the manor.

District: Downtown
Address: 53, Zemlyanoy val St., Moscow

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