Triumph Arch is the compositional center of Victory Square. This imposing monument was built by an architect O. I. Bove to commemorate the victory of Russia in the Patriotic War against French Emperor Napoleon in 1812.
Originally it was placed in 1834 near Tverskaya Gate, the present Belorusskaya Station Square. In 1936 during the reconstruction of the square the Arch was disassembled.
For 30 years it has been kept in the Architectural Museum. Then it was restored, and 12 missing iron columns were cast anew. In 1968 Triumph Arch was installed on Kutuzovsky Prospect. Bove in close co-operation with such famous sculptors as I. P. Vitali and I. Timofeev managed to create a bright imposing image, which symbolized power, fame and grandeur of Russia.
Sculptural and architectural ideas join in the monument. A sculptural group called a Chariot of Fame tops the arch. Allegorical female figures over the columns symbolize Victory, the warriors dressed in Old Russian helmets and armour, standing between the columns, symbolize Power. The high reliefs above are devoted to driving the French army out of Moscow. On the high relief representing the fight near the Kremlyovskaya wall, two figures of a Russian warrior and a defeated Frenchman are especially good. The high relief was created by Timofeev. Kutuzov`s words and the text, devoted to the laying of the monument, stand on the bronze plates.
Address: Kutuzovskiy Pr., Moscow