In conditions of continuous repressions started the work the XIX congress of the party. The agenda first of all included economic questions: summarizing of restoration of the national economy destroyed by war and ratification of directions of the new five-year plan of development of the USSR for 1951-1955.
The theoretical basis of prospects of the economic development of the country was I.V.Stalin's last work " Economic problems of socialism in the USSR ", published in September 1952, where the task of correct use of the objective economic laws in state planning, providing transition of the USSR to communism, was put at the head. The thesis implied that the party-state bureaucracy, being engaged in " the maximal satisfaction of needs of the Soviet people ", at distribution of results of work should not forget self-financings.
The congress also made changes to the Regulations of the party and took the decision of its renaming, having decided " to call the All-Union Communist party (of bolsheviks) VCP (b) henceforth the Communist Party of the Soviet Union (CPSS) ". For remaking of working since 1919 Program of the party, basically fulfilled, according to the congress, the special commission, which had to make a new Program of the CPSS, was elected.
On the Plenum of the TSK held after the XIX congress under Stalin's proposition instead of the former Political bureau the expanded Presidium was formed consisting of 25 members and 11 candidates, including new, young party functionaries. The Secretary of the TSK was also considerably updated and extended to 10 officials. Thus, Stalin "had as though dissolved" his confidants among new party leadership, which undoubtedly showed his intention to remove them from the authority. The Bureau of Presidium consisting of 9 officials was also elected on the Plenum. However, Stalin distinguished from the members of the Bureau the heading "five" in which except him appeared G.M.Malenkov, L.P.Beriya, N.S.Hrushchev and N.A.Bulganin.