Saint Michael's Castle
Architects: Vasily Bazhenov and Vincenzo Brenna
Address: Saint Petersburg, Sadovaya St.,2
Open: Mon. 10a.m.-4p.m., Wed.-Sun. 10a.m.-5p.m.
An original architectural memorial, Michael's (Engineers') Castle was built as the formal residence of Pavel I in 1797-1801. Architects Vasily Bazhenov and Vincenzo Brenna constucted an architectural fantasy on the theme of a Middle Ages castle. Carlo Bartolomew Rastrelli's memorial to Peter I was erected in front of the palace's main facade in 1800. After the death of Pavel I, the Primary Engineers' College moved there, giving the palace its second name.
Currently, a permanent exhibition of formal court portraits is displayed in Michael's Castle. This is the first attempt to create a national portrait gallery in Russia. The basis of the exhibit is made up of representative portraits of Russian monarchs from Peter I to Nicholas II and also numerous representatives of royal families, generals and state fig