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Luga Museum of Local History and Tradition
N. Rimsky-Korsakov Memorial House Museum
N. Roerikh Estate Museum
"Lodeinoe Polye" Museum of Local History and Tradition
"Manege" Central Exhibition Hall
"Muranovo" Manor-Museum
"Ostafievo" Museum
"Ostankino" Museum
"The MonRepos Park" State Historic and Natural Reserve Museum
Alexander Pushkin Museum
Art Library of the State Russian Museum
Central Museum of Air Forces
Central Naval Museum
Chaikovsky Manor-Museum
Historic and Art Museum Ivangorod Fortress
Historic and Ethnographic Reserve Museum Yalkala
Historic Architectural and Archeological Reserve Museum Staraya Ladoga
I.P. Pavlov Museum
Kingisepp Museum of Local History and Tradition
Kirishi Museum of Local History and Tradition and Exhibition Hall
Literary and Art Museum "Priyutino"
Luga Museum of Local History and Tradition
Maltmakers House
Memorial House of Fyodor Shalyapin
Memorial Mamayev Kurgan
Memorial Museum of Space Exploration
Museum of Black Sea Fleet
Museum of Decorative-Applied and Folk Arts
Museum of History of Kazan University
Museum of History of Moscow
Museum of Russian Political History
Museum of Sevastopol Heroic Defence
Museum of the Town of Volkhov
Museum-Panorama "Borodino Battle"
Museum-reserve "Alexandrovskaya Sloboda"
N.A. Rimsky-Korsakov House Museum
N.G. Chernyshevsky Museum
N.K. Rerikh Museum
Novaya Ladoga Museum of Local History and Tradition
Open-Air Museum of Malye Karelie
Outsider Art Museum
Podporozhie Museum of Local History and Tradition
Pogankin House
Reserve museum "The Breakthrough of the Siege of Leningrad"
Rozhdestveno Memorial Estate
Russian State Museum of Arctic and Antarctic
Sakhalin Regional Art Museum
Shalyapin Chamber Hall
Slantsy Museum of Local History and Tradition
State Hermitage Museum
State Museum of the Political History of Russia
Tatarstan State Museum of Fine Arts
The Cabin of Peter the Great
The Glinka Museum of Musical Culture
The Postmaster House Museum
The Sevastopol Art Museum
The State Museum of the Fine Arts
The State Russian Museum
The State Tretyakov Gallery
The Vitoslavlitsy Museum of Wooden Architecture
The Vyborg Castle Museum
Tikhvin Memorial Museum of History, Architecture and Art
Tosno Museum of Local History and Tradition
Tsarskoe Selo
Ulan-Ude Ethnographic Museum
V.I. Surikov House-Museum
Vernadsky Geological Museum
Yaroshenko Memorial House-Museum
Yelagin Palace
Yusupovsky Palace
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CascadeState Museum-Reserve "Peterhof"

Peterhof (in the second half of 20th century known also as Petrodvorets - "Peter's Palace") - one of the most magnificent European palace-and-park complexes of XVIII-XIX centuries is situated on the southern coast of the Gulf of Finland, twenty-nine kilometers outside St. Petersburg. Its beautiful gardens and parks, splendid palaces and exquisite pavilions, and particularly its picturesque fountains and cascades, are justly famous all over the world.

The marble obelisk standing near the railing of the Upper Gardens bears the incised number: 29. It marks the distance, in kilometers, between St. Petersburg and the splendid Peterhof, formerly a suburban residence of the Russian Emperors and now the world-famous "capital of fountains". Visitors approaching Peterhof from the sea can enjoy a majestic panorama unfolding before them. The most prominent landmark is the Great Palace towering at the edge of a natural, 16 metre-high terrace.

Great Cascade is glistening with its gilded sculpture and silvery water-jets. In the centre of the pool, in front of the cascade, a powerful jet of the Samson Fountain is spurting upwards. Further on, water is streaming towards the gulf along the Sea Canal, which is straight as an arrow and makes up the north-south axis of the layout of the site.

The canal was indicated already on the first plans of the residence sketched by Peter the Great himself and is one of the earliest structures in Peterhof. Its construction began in 1715 simultaneously with the building of the Upper Mansion. The canal was then used as a transportation artery and a formal entrance to Peterhof. But already in 1735 the Samson Fountain was being constructed in the centre of the pool and the owner had to give up the former use of the canal.

Peter the Great planned to build along the Sea Canal 22 fountains decorated with sculptures based on subjects from Aesop's fables. Later it was decided to remake fountains in the shape of bowls. In 1854-60 the worn-out bowls were removed and fourteen fountain basins remained on their sites. Now their powerful jets make up a majestic crystal-like colonnade leading to the Great Cascade. Faced with granite and decorated with gilded mascarons, the Sea Canal is one of the most spectacular sights of Peterhof, emphasizing the geographic and artistic integrity of the seashore residence with the watery expanse around it.

The canal divides the Lower Park, which occupies an area of 102 hectares, into two parts named conventionally the western and eastern sections. In the eastern section are the fountains of the Palace of Monplaisir and the Chessboard Hill Cascade, the Pyramid, the Sun and the Roman Fountains as well as some trick fountains. In the eastern section are the fountains of the Hermitage Pavilion and the Marly Palace, the Golden Hill Cascade, the Menager or Economical Fountains and the cloche (bell) fountains.
In summer 1721, under his command, sluices were built and a canal constructed to deliver water from the ponds on the Ropsha Hills to the storage reservoirs in the Upper Gardens. Their water could be used to bring into operation small fountains there. It was a different matter with the Lower Park lying at the foot of the terrace. Rushing down from the height of 16 metres through a system of pipes, the gravity-fed water from the UppSamson Fountainer Gardens reservoirs spurted high upwards in the park fountains.

The principles of water supply discovered by Peter the Great are still in use today, which testifies to the versatile talents of Peterhof's founder. Today, the Peterhof ensemble amounts over 150 fountains and four cascades. Every year hundreds of thousands tourists from all over the world visit this "capital of fountains" to enjoy the unforgettable miracle, as Peterhof has been regarded throughout its history.

The Museum-Reserve includes the following architectural monuments:
The Great Palace, the Monplaisir Palace, the Marly Palace, the Hermitage Palace, the Cottage Palace, Peter the I's Palace, the Grottos, the Benois Museum, the Catherine Block, the Bath House, the Chapel, the Upper Garden, the Lower Park, the Alexandria Park. On the territory of Museum-Reserve there are about 150 fountains, including 4 cascades: the Great Cascade, the Chessboard Hill Cascade, the Golden Hill Cascade, and the Lion Cascade.

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