Russia State   Nations of Russia
 :: Articles
The Russians
The Aguls
The Akhvakhs
The Aleuts
The Altaians
The Andians nations
The Andins
The Archins
The Armenians
The Aserbaijanians
The Assyrians
The Avars
The Baghulals
The Balkarians
The Baraba Tatars
The Bashkirs
The Besermians
The Bezhtians
The Botlikhs
The Bulgarians
The Buryats
The Byelorussians
The Chamalals
The Chechens
The Cherkess
The Chukchis
The Chuvashs
The Cossacks
The Crimean Tatars
The Dargins
The Didos
The Dolgans
The Enets
The Eskimos
The Estonians
The Evenks
The Evens
The Finns
The Gagauz
The Georgians
The Germans
The Ginukhs
The Godoberins
The Greeks
The Gypsies
The Hunzibs
The Ingush
The Itelmens
The Izhorians
The Jews
The Kabards
The Kalmyks
The Karachay
The Karatas
The Karelians
The Kazakhs
The Kets
The Khakass
The Khants
The Khvarshis
The Komi-Permyaks
The Komis
The Koreans
The Koryaks
The Kumuks
The Kyrgyz
The Laks
The Latvians
The Lezgins
The Lithuanians
The Mansis
The Maris
The Moldovans
The Mordvins
The Mountain Jews
The Nanais
The Negidals
The Nenets
The Nganasans
The Nivkhs
The Nogays
The Orochis
The Oroks
The Ossetians
The Permyak Komis
The Poles
The Adygy
The Rutuls
The Saams
The Selkups
The Shors
The Small Nations of North
The Tabasarans
The Tajiks
The Tatars
The Tats
The Teleuts
The Tofalars
The Tsakhurs
The Turkmens
The Tyva
The Udeghes
The Udmurts
The Ukranians
The Ulchis
The Uzbeks
The Veps
The Vods
The Yakuts
The Yukaghirs
 :: Search
Search in articles
Search in current section
 :: Constructor
 :: Game server
 :: Test

The Andians nations

The Andians nationsThe Andian nations, the group of nations, which are numbering the Ando-Tsezky (Ando-Didoysky) nations of Daghestan: the Andians, the Akh-Vakhs, the Bagulals, the Botlikhs, the Godoberians, the Karatins, the Tindals, and the Chamalals.

The total number of them in Russia (together with the Tsezsky nations) is 55-60 thousand persons. They are the aboriginal population of high mountains of the Western Daghestan and related with the Avars. The Andian nations speak the Andian languages (the Nakh Dagestan group of the North Caucasian family) and have many dialects. The Avarian, the Chechen (with the Andians, the Botlikhs, the Godoberins), the Russian, the Azerbaijan languages are common among the Andians. The writing is mainly the Russian and the Avarian language based on the Russian writing. The religion is the Moslems - Sunni.

Plinius the Senior mentioned the Andians in the First century. They occupied an extensive territories downstream the Andijskoe Koisu river. There, obviously, the local population assimilated them. Andians nations were organized in communities of the warriors - cattlemen and farmers (the Jamaats). Small form of the family is the prevailing form. Remnant forms of the undivided family were kept only occasionally.

The man's relationship has a priority. Rudiments of the man's unions were kept until the 1940th. Nowadays the Andians nations have created the countrymen associations to solve the local national cultural, administrative and economic problems. Settlements were on the slopes of gorges and had the piled and graduated planning. The 3-4 storey fighting towers with loopholes were build. The dwellings were made of a stone, rectangular and were more often one-storey, with a small courtyard, less often two-storey, with a flat roof.

Clothes were basically the common Daghestanian type. Men were wearing the tunic shirts, narrow trousers, beshmets, Circassian coats, felt cloak, sheepskin coats and hats. Footwear was made from the rawhide leather, felt and wood. Women were wearing sometimes sheepskin coats, scarves and shawls, some versions of the tunic dresses - shirts, narrow trousers. Women footwear mainly was the same as men's. The various silver decorations were common.

The flour and meat-and-milk, fruit, wild growing plants and roots were food for the Andian nations. The basic dishes were the variety of bread, cereal, oatmeal dishes, soups, pies etc. The literature and folklore are bilingual - the Avarian and native languages. Each of the Andian nations has their own agricultural calendar. The folk medicine is well developed. The Andians nations celebrate the calendar and Muslim holidays. In same time they keep belief in devils, genies, witches etc.

Copyright © RIN 2001-. Russia Russia site map Feedback