Russian   
ABOUT THE PROJECT STATE CULTURE AND ART HISTORY GEOGRAPHY AND NATURE PEARLS OF RUSSIA TOURISM GUEST BOOK  
 Russia State   Nations of Russia
 :: Articles
The Russians
The Aguls
The Akhvakhs
The Aleuts
The Altaians
The Andians nations
The Andins
The Archins
The Armenians
The Aserbaijanians
The Assyrians
The Avars
The Baghulals
The Balkarians
The Baraba Tatars
The Bashkirs
The Besermians
The Bezhtians
The Botlikhs
The Bulgarians
The Buryats
The Byelorussians
The Chamalals
The Chechens
The Cherkess
The Chukchis
The Chuvashs
The Cossacks
The Crimean Tatars
The Dargins
The Didos
The Dolgans
The Enets
The Eskimos
The Estonians
The Evenks
The Evens
The Finns
The Gagauz
The Georgians
The Germans
The Ginukhs
The Godoberins
The Greeks
The Gypsies
The Hunzibs
The Ingush
The Itelmens
The Izhorians
The Jews
The Kabards
The Kalmyks
The Karachay
The Karatas
The Karelians
The Kazakhs
The Kets
The Khakass
The Khants
The Khvarshis
The Komi-Permyaks
The Komis
The Koreans
The Koryaks
The Kumuks
The Kyrgyz
The Laks
The Latvians
The Lezgins
The Lithuanians
The Mansis
The Maris
The Moldovans
The Mordvins
The Mountain Jews
The Nanais
The Negidals
The Nenets
The Nganasans
The Nivkhs
The Nogays
The Orochis
The Oroks
The Ossetians
The Permyak Komis
The Poles
The Adygy
The Rutuls
The Saams
The Selkups
The Shors
The Small Nations of North
The Tabasarans
The Tajiks
The Tatars
The Tats
The Teleuts
The Tofalars
The Tsakhurs
The Turkmens
The Tyva
The Udeghes
The Udmurts
The Ukranians
The Ulchis
The Uzbeks
The Veps
The Vods
The Yakuts
The Yukaghirs
 :: Search
Search in articles
Search in current section
 :: Constructor
 :: Game server
 :: Test

The Assyrians

The AssyriansAssyrians in Russia are to be found mainly in the cities of Moscow, St.Petersburg, Rostov-na-Donu, and in Krasnodarsky Krai.

Language: Assyrian (neo-sirian, neo-arameic, sirian); other lang. from the region (Armenian, Arab, Persian)
Religion: Christians (Most of them Nestorian, but Jacobites in Turkey, some Chaldeans).
Diaspora: Ukraine, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Siberia, Iraq, Iran, Turkey, Syria, Lebanon.

The Assyrians believe themselves to be direct descendants of the Assyrian empire in the Middle East 2500-612 BC, in Northern Mesopotamia (Now Iraq). It was initially subject to Sumer, and intermittently to Babylon. The Assyrians adopted in the main the Sumerian religion and structure of society. At its greatest extent the empire included Egypt and streched from the Eastern Mediterrean coast to the head of the Persian Gulf.

From around the year 100, Christianity became a factor strengthening the ethnicity of the Assyrians. The Nestorian church became leading among the Assyrians under the Arab kalifate (from the 7th c.). During the conquests of Timur in the 14th c., the Assyrians were nearly eliminated, as they rejected Islam. The survivors had fled to the mountains of Kurdistan. From the 16th c. the majority of the Assyrians lived on the territory of the Ottoman empire.

In the 19th c., the Assyrians found themselves in the epi-centre of the international conflicts and power-struggles in the Middle East, where European powers tried to exploit the fact the Assyrians and some other groups were Christian. This was not popular with the Turkish authotorities and resulted in repression and pogroms. Around the First World War some 500,000 Assyrians were killed by Turks and Kurds, and many fled to other countries.

Assyrians came to Russia and the Soviet Union in three main waves: The first waThe Assyriansvw was after the Treaty of Turkmanchai in 1828, that delineated a border between Russia and Persia. Many Assyrians found themselves suddenly under Russian sovereignty and thousands of relatives crossed the border to join them. The second wave was a result of the repression and violence during and after World War 1. The third wave came after World War 2, when Moscow unsuccessfully had tried to establish a satellite state in Iranian Kurdistan. Soviet troops withdrew in 1946, and left the Assyrians exposed to exactly the same kind of retaliation that they had suffered from the Turks 30 years earlier. Again, many Assyrians found refuge in the Soviet Union, this time mainly in the cities.

Soviet power in the thirties repressed the Assyruians' religion and persecuted religious and other leaders.
In recent years, the Assyrians have tended to assimilate with Armenians, but their cultural and ethnic identity, strengthened through centuries of hardships, found new expression under Glasnost.

Вот линк - http://www.ararat-online.ru/news/4959-rastvory-byvayut-raznye.html, смотрите.
Copyright © RIN 2001-. Russia Russia site map Feedback