Russia State   Nations of Russia
 :: Articles
The Russians
The Aguls
The Akhvakhs
The Aleuts
The Altaians
The Andians nations
The Andins
The Archins
The Armenians
The Aserbaijanians
The Assyrians
The Avars
The Baghulals
The Balkarians
The Baraba Tatars
The Bashkirs
The Besermians
The Bezhtians
The Botlikhs
The Bulgarians
The Buryats
The Byelorussians
The Chamalals
The Chechens
The Cherkess
The Chukchis
The Chuvashs
The Cossacks
The Crimean Tatars
The Dargins
The Didos
The Dolgans
The Enets
The Eskimos
The Estonians
The Evenks
The Evens
The Finns
The Gagauz
The Georgians
The Germans
The Ginukhs
The Godoberins
The Greeks
The Gypsies
The Hunzibs
The Ingush
The Itelmens
The Izhorians
The Jews
The Kabards
The Kalmyks
The Karachay
The Karatas
The Karelians
The Kazakhs
The Kets
The Khakass
The Khants
The Khvarshis
The Komi-Permyaks
The Komis
The Koreans
The Koryaks
The Kumuks
The Kyrgyz
The Laks
The Latvians
The Lezgins
The Lithuanians
The Mansis
The Maris
The Moldovans
The Mordvins
The Mountain Jews
The Nanais
The Negidals
The Nenets
The Nganasans
The Nivkhs
The Nogays
The Orochis
The Oroks
The Ossetians
The Permyak Komis
The Poles
The Adygy
The Rutuls
The Saams
The Selkups
The Shors
The Small Nations of North
The Tabasarans
The Tajiks
The Tatars
The Tats
The Teleuts
The Tofalars
The Tsakhurs
The Turkmens
The Tyva
The Udeghes
The Udmurts
The Ukranians
The Ulchis
The Uzbeks
The Veps
The Vods
The Yakuts
The Yukaghirs
 :: Search
Search in articles
Search in current section
 :: Constructor
 :: Game server
 :: Test

The Gypsies

The GypsiesThe Gypsies major groups live in Stavropolsky Krai, Rostovskaya Oblast, Krasnodarsky Krai, Samarskaya Oblast.
Different ethnic groups as a result of blending with the local population:
- Russian Gypsies, the largest Gypsy group in Russia that has many subgroups named after geographical location, e. g. Smolensk Gypsies, Pskov Gypsies;
- Crimean Gypsies live in Crimea, in Zaporozhye Region in Ukraine, Rostov Region, Krasnodar Province, Siberia and the Far East, Moscow and St Petersburg.
- Central Asian Gypsies (Sredneaziatskiye tsygane; Mughat), ca. 12,000 people, speak Uzbek or Tajik as their first language;
- Bosha gypsies live in Armenia and are to a great extent assimilated, use Armenian as their native language.
Self-destination: Rom
Language: Romany, old ties to Sanskrit, today there are many dialects. Amajority is bilingual.
Religion:Orthodox Christians (Russia), Sunni Moslems (Crimea, C. Asia), some Catholics; own trad. beliefs.
Religion:Orthodox Christians (Russia), Sunni Moslems (Crimea, C. Asia), some Catholics; own trad. beliefs.
Gypsy nomadism is global and it is not limited to rural areas. It is assumed that Gypsies' ancestors left India about a thousand years ago. They settled first in what is today Iran and in Egypt, stayed on the periphery of the Byzantine Empire, moved to different parts of Europe in the 15th c., were chased away from various states since the end of the 15th c.
In the 16th c., a group of Gypsies came via Romania and Moldova to Ukraine and another one via Poland to northern Russia. In the second half of the 18th c., Gypsies were already all over Russia.
In the first years of Soviet rule, measures were taken to raise Gypsies' education level (professional Gypsy Theatre, literature journal, preparation of Gypsy schools) and to make them settle. Later on, the Gypsies shared the destiny of other deported populations. Thousands of Gypsies were deported to Siberia.
In 1956, there was adopted a Soviet decree on bringing the Gypsies to a settled way of life, by which it was forbidden to move to another place. The Soviet policy in relation to the Gypsies brought about many problems, especially low education level.
The democratization process in Russia made it possible to establish Gypsy culture associations in 1991 (Moskovskoye tsyganskoye kulturno-prosvyetitelskoye obshchestvo and Sektsiya tsyganskoy kultury pri Rossiyskom fonde kultury).
Gypsies maintain a powerful sense of identity. They preserve their own Gypsy folk culture although they adopt the language of the respective society. They often meet suspicion and hostility. 500,000 Gypsies (incl. Gypsies living in Russia) were killed, sent to concentration camps, in the countries occupied by Nazi Germans in World War II. The most serious anti-Gypsy riots in recent years took place in Odessa in 1992.

Copyright © RIN 2001-. Russia Russia site map Feedback