Tyumen is an administrative centre of Tyumenskaya oblast. It is situated in Western Siberia on the river Tura, a tributary of the river Tobol. Distance to Moscow is 2144 km. The population is 554 thousand inhabitants. The area of the city is 235 sq. km. It is a railway junction of the Trans-Siberian railway. Here are situated the river port, the international airport "Roshino" and the local airport "Plekhanovo".
The climate is continental. Average temperature of January is -17, (minimum -49), of July +18 degrees centigrade, maximum temperature in summer goes to 38 degrees. Tyumen was responsible for protection of Russian and Tatar settlements against attacks of steppe nomads. In the course of time Tyumen became an important point of trade with Central Asia, Persia, China and a centre of the tanning industry, craft and agriculture.
Modern Tyumen is the large industrial centre, the city of science, culture and sports. During last years the city has considerably changed. There appeared new micro-districts; motorways and bridges were built here.
Petroleum and gas are the basis for development of scientific organizations in the city. In the beginning of 90s the total number of employees of scientific and research institutes and higher educational institutions ran to 1,5 thousand people, i.e. 10 % of the able-bodied population of city.
In the city there are more than 50 scientific and research and project institutes, including branches of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 10 higher educational institutions, 11 specialized secondary schools, 15 technical training colleges, 101 daytime state secondary educational establishments, 146 kindergartens.
More than 40 thousand Tyumen students are trained in 120 specialities at 54 faculties.
19 medical establishments of Tyumen (including regional and departmental ones) provide 4,4 thousand places.
Favorable climate for development of business and contacts to foreign businessmen is formed in the city. Tyumen's successful geographical position, its transport availability, rapidly developing system of communications, comfortable hotels and reliable security service, advanced bank sphere contribute to development of the city.
The inhabitants of Tyumen are proud of the Drama and Comedy Theatre, their Puppet theatre and other.
The Tyumen Philharmonic society in 1999 was recognized as one of the best in Russia. The big contribution to development of culture and art bring palaces and houses of culture, clubs, musical and art schools, schools of the fine arts, museums, exhibition halls and libraries. Visitors of the city are delighted with the church architecture.