Russia State   Regions
 :: Articles
Aginsky-Buryat AO
Altaisky Krai
Amurskaya Oblast
Arkhangelskaya Oblast
Astrakhanskaya Oblast
Belgorodskaya Oblast
Bryanskaya Oblast
Chelyabinskaya Oblast
Chitinskaya Oblast
Chukotsky AO
Evenksky AO
Irkutskaya Oblast
Ivanovskaya Oblast
Jewish Autonomous Oblast
Kaliningradskaya Oblast
Kaluzhskaya Oblast
Kamchatskaya Oblast
Kemerovskaya Oblast
Khabarovsky krai
Khanty - Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug
Kirovskaya Oblast
Komi-Permyatsky AO
Koryaksky Autonomous Okrug
Kostromskaya Oblast
Krasnodarsky Krai
Krasnoyarsky Krai
Kurganskaya Oblast
Kurskaya Oblast
Leningradskaya Oblast
Lipetskaya Oblast
Magadanskaya Oblast
Moscovskaya Oblast
Murmanskaya Oblast
Nenetsky AO
Nizhegorodskaya Oblast
Novgorodskaya Oblast
Novosibirskaya Oblast
Omskaya Oblast
Orenburgskaya Oblast
Orlovskaya Oblast
Penzenskaya Oblast
Permskaya Oblast
Primorsky krai
Pskovskaya Oblast
Rostovskaya Oblast
Ryazanskaya Oblast
Sakhalinskaya Oblast
Samarskaya Oblast
Saratovskaya Oblast
Smolenskaya Oblast
Stavropolsky krai
Sverdlovskaya Oblast
Taimyrsky AO
Tambovskaya Oblast
The Adygea Republic
The Altai Republic
The Bashkortostan Republic
The Buryatia Republic
The Chechnya Republic
The Chuvash Rebublic
The Dagestan Republic
The Ingushetia Republic
The Kabardino-Balkaria
The Kalmykia Republic
The Karachayevo-Circassian Republic
The Karelia Republic
The Khakasia Republic
The Komi Republic
The Mari El Republic
The Mordovian Republic
The North Ossetia
The Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
The Tatarstan Republic
The Tyva Republic
The Udmurtia Republic
Tomskaya Oblast
Tulskaya Oblast
Tverskaya Oblast
Tyumenskaya Oblast
Ulyanovskaya Oblast
Ust-Ordynsky Buryatsky AO
Vladimirskaya Oblast
Volgogradskaya Oblast
Vologodskaya Oblast
Voronezhskaya Oblast
Yamalo-Nenetsky AO
Yaroslavskaya Oblast
 :: Search
Search in articles
Search in current section
 :: Constructor
 :: Game server
 :: Test

Murmanskaya Oblast

Murmanskaya OblastMurmanskaya Oblast occupies the Kola Peninsula and adjoining areas of the continent. In the south it borders upon the Republic of Karelia, to the southwest and the west of it Finland is situated. Murmanskaya Oblast is washed by the Barents Sea and the White Sea. The main rivers here are Ponoy, Varzuga, Umba, Niva, Tuloma. There are a lot of lakes in oblast (Imandra, Umbozero, Lovoozero).
The total area of the oblast is 144,9 thousand. sq. km. Almost the most part of Murmanskaya Oblast lies within the Polar Circle and is situated in the two physiographic zones: the tundra and taiga. The relief is presented by mountains, hollows and terraces. Due to the Gulf Stream there is no permafrost regions. The warmest district is the southern coast of the White Sea.
The average temperatures of January vary from 8 degrees (in the north) to 13 degrees below zero (in the centre of the region), the average temperatures of July vary from +8 to +14 degrees centigrade. Murmanskaya Oblast is one of the richest in lakes and river regions of Russia. There are about 130 thousand rivers and lakes. Density of the river network is signifiMurmanskaya Oblastcant. Some rivers are 200 kilometers in length. The largest river of the peninsula is Ponoy (426 km).
Murmanskaya Oblast is a store of mining, copper-nickel, iron-ore, rare-metal and aluminium raw material. Stocks of nonmetal ores are also significant. They are vermiculite, phlogopite, muscovite, pegmatite, garnet, amazonite, fluorite and other minerals.
Murmanskaya Oblast was formed on May 28, 1938. The distance to Moscow is 1967 km. The centre of the region is the city of Murmansk founded in the year of 1916. The city consists of 3 districts: Leninsky, Oktyabrsky, Pervomaysky.
By the year of 2000 the population of Murmanskaya Oblast has reached 1001,2 thousand, including townspeople - 917,7 thousand inhabitants (91,7 %) and the rural population - 83,5 thousand people (8,3 %). The number of registered unemployed in 1999 made 23,3 thousand people (4,4 % of the efficient population).
The population consists of Russians (86 %), Ukrainians (7 %), Byelorussians (3 %), Tatars (1 %) and others. Indigenous population of Murmanskaya Oblastthe region is the Saams. They live in Lovoozersky, Kolsky districts and in Enskaya rural administration of Kovdorsky district.
There are a lot of museums in Murmanskaya Oblast. Among them are the Museum of History of Polar Olympiads, the Museum of Aircraft of the Northern Fleet, the Museum of History of Studying and Development of the European North, the Museum of History of the Kola Saams, the Museum of History of Kovdorsky district, etc.
Murmansk is the largest city of the world within the Polar Circle. Its population is 390 thousand people.
In Murmansk the unique nuclear icebreaking fleet is based. The city sent and met the famous icebreaker 'Arctica' that in 1977 for the first time reached the North Pole as a surface ship.
From the very beginning Murmansk was the city of seamen, fishermen, dockers and mechanicians.
In Murmanskaya Oblast there is the most northern monastery of Russia - the Trifonov Pechenegsky Monastery. In various periods of Russian history it was a symbol and a pride of the great power and its orthodox people. Nowadays the monastery is being restored.

Copyright © RIN 2001-. Russia Russia site map Feedback