Russian   
ABOUT THE PROJECT STATE CULTURE AND ART HISTORY GEOGRAPHY AND NATURE PEARLS OF RUSSIA TOURISM GUEST BOOK  
 Russia State   Regions
 :: Articles
Aginsky-Buryat AO
Altaisky Krai
Amurskaya Oblast
Arkhangelskaya Oblast
Astrakhanskaya Oblast
Belgorodskaya Oblast
Bryanskaya Oblast
Chelyabinskaya Oblast
Chitinskaya Oblast
Chukotsky AO
Evenksky AO
Irkutskaya Oblast
Ivanovskaya Oblast
Jewish Autonomous Oblast
Kaliningradskaya Oblast
Kaluzhskaya Oblast
Kamchatskaya Oblast
Kemerovskaya Oblast
Khabarovsky krai
Khanty - Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug
Kirovskaya Oblast
Komi-Permyatsky AO
Koryaksky Autonomous Okrug
Kostromskaya Oblast
Krasnodarsky Krai
Krasnoyarsky Krai
Kurganskaya Oblast
Kurskaya Oblast
Leningradskaya Oblast
Lipetskaya Oblast
Magadanskaya Oblast
Moscovskaya Oblast
Murmanskaya Oblast
Nenetsky AO
Nizhegorodskaya Oblast
Novgorodskaya Oblast
Novosibirskaya Oblast
Omskaya Oblast
Orenburgskaya Oblast
Orlovskaya Oblast
Penzenskaya Oblast
Permskaya Oblast
Primorsky krai
Pskovskaya Oblast
Rostovskaya Oblast
Ryazanskaya Oblast
Sakhalinskaya Oblast
Samarskaya Oblast
Saratovskaya Oblast
Smolenskaya Oblast
Stavropolsky krai
Sverdlovskaya Oblast
Taimyrsky AO
Tambovskaya Oblast
The Adygea Republic
The Altai Republic
The Bashkortostan Republic
The Buryatia Republic
The Chechnya Republic
The Chuvash Rebublic
The Dagestan Republic
The Ingushetia Republic
The Kabardino-Balkaria
The Kalmykia Republic
The Karachayevo-Circassian Republic
The Karelia Republic
The Khakasia Republic
The Komi Republic
The Mari El Republic
The Mordovian Republic
The North Ossetia
The Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
The Tatarstan Republic
The Tyva Republic
The Udmurtia Republic
Tomskaya Oblast
Tulskaya Oblast
Tverskaya Oblast
Tyumenskaya Oblast
Ulyanovskaya Oblast
Ust-Ordynsky Buryatsky AO
Vladimirskaya Oblast
Volgogradskaya Oblast
Vologodskaya Oblast
Voronezhskaya Oblast
Yamalo-Nenetsky AO
Yaroslavskaya Oblast
 :: Search
Search in articles
Search in current section
 :: Constructor
 :: Game server
 :: Test

The Kalmykia Republic

The Kalmykia RepublicKalmykia is the presidential republic as a part of the Russian Federation. It is situated in the southeast of the European part of Russia between the rivers Volga and Don. Its area is 76,1 thousand sq. km. The population is about 320 thousand people. Here live Kalmyks, Russians, Ukrainians, Byelorussians, Germans, Kazakhs, Tatars, Koreans, Chechens, Dagestans and other nationalities. The capital of Kalmykia is Elista.
In XVII century Kalmyks established the Kalmyk Khanate that later voluntarily joined the Russian State. In 1771 the Kalmyk Khanate ended in resettlement to Ural and Northern Caucasus because of the participation of Kalmyks in the revolt headed by Pugachev, but later they colonized the Caspian region again. The Kalmyk Autonomous Oblast was established in November 4, 1920. In October 20, 1935, the Autonomous Soviet Republic was formed. In 1943 after liberation of Kalmykia from the fascist invaders, Kalmyks were deported in the east regions and the Kalmyk Autonomous Republic was abolished. But after rehabilitation in 1956 it was restored as the autonomous oblast in January 9, 1957 aThe Kalmykia Republicnd as the Kalmyk Autonomous Soviet Socialistic Republic in July 29, 1958. In 1990 the declaration of the sovereignty and transformation of Kalmykia into the Soviet Republic was accepted. The Steppe Code of 1994 declared Kalmykia the subject and the concurrent part of the Russian Federation. The republic includes 13 district, 102 villages and 3 cities. The largest cities are Elista (99,9 thousand people), Lagan (15,4), Gorodovikovsk (10,6). The extension of the region from the north to the south is 448 km, from the west to the east is 423 km.
Kalmykia is situated in the southeast of the East European plain. It occupies the advantageous position between the Caspian and Black seas, between the Volga region and Caucasus. In the southeast the territory is washed by the Caspian Sea, in the south and the southwest by the rivers Manych and Kuma, in the northeast by Volga. The landscape is plain. Kalmykia borders upon Stavropol territory, Rostovskaya Oblast, Volgogradskaya Oblast, Astrakhanskaya Oblasts andThe Kalmykia Republic the Republic of Dagestan. There are about 60 species of mammals, 130 species of birds, 20 species of reptiles and 3 amphibious species in the territory of the republic. 23 species of birds are in the Red Book of the Russian Federation. Kalmykia is the most woodless region of the Russian Federation.
The culture of the Kalmyk people is unique as well as its history. Their ancient roots go back into the depth of the thousand-year history of nomadic civilizations of the Central Asia. Buddhism brought philosophy, knowledge and art. The treasure of the Kalmyk folklore is "Dzhangar", the epic narration of the country of happiness and prosperity Bumbe and heroic deeds of its warriors.
Today cultural life of Kalmykia is many-sided and dynamic. Poets and writers, composers and film directors, artists and architects in their creativity apply to various schools and trends of the world classics and the newest currents of modernism. Last years there is a tendency towards the national culture. There are the Slavic, Kazakh, Korean, German, Jewish, Caucasus peoples' national and cultural centres.

Возде Москвы скоро можно будет ехать быстрее | Авто
Copyright © RIN 2001-. Russia Russia site map Feedback