Russia State   Regions
 :: Articles
Aginsky-Buryat AO
Altaisky Krai
Amurskaya Oblast
Arkhangelskaya Oblast
Astrakhanskaya Oblast
Belgorodskaya Oblast
Bryanskaya Oblast
Chelyabinskaya Oblast
Chitinskaya Oblast
Chukotsky AO
Evenksky AO
Irkutskaya Oblast
Ivanovskaya Oblast
Jewish Autonomous Oblast
Kaliningradskaya Oblast
Kaluzhskaya Oblast
Kamchatskaya Oblast
Kemerovskaya Oblast
Khabarovsky krai
Khanty - Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug
Kirovskaya Oblast
Komi-Permyatsky AO
Koryaksky Autonomous Okrug
Kostromskaya Oblast
Krasnodarsky Krai
Krasnoyarsky Krai
Kurganskaya Oblast
Kurskaya Oblast
Leningradskaya Oblast
Lipetskaya Oblast
Magadanskaya Oblast
Moscovskaya Oblast
Murmanskaya Oblast
Nenetsky AO
Nizhegorodskaya Oblast
Novgorodskaya Oblast
Novosibirskaya Oblast
Omskaya Oblast
Orenburgskaya Oblast
Orlovskaya Oblast
Penzenskaya Oblast
Permskaya Oblast
Primorsky krai
Pskovskaya Oblast
Rostovskaya Oblast
Ryazanskaya Oblast
Sakhalinskaya Oblast
Samarskaya Oblast
Saratovskaya Oblast
Smolenskaya Oblast
Stavropolsky krai
Sverdlovskaya Oblast
Taimyrsky AO
Tambovskaya Oblast
The Adygea Republic
The Altai Republic
The Bashkortostan Republic
The Buryatia Republic
The Chechnya Republic
The Chuvash Rebublic
The Dagestan Republic
The Ingushetia Republic
The Kabardino-Balkaria
The Kalmykia Republic
The Karachayevo-Circassian Republic
The Karelia Republic
The Khakasia Republic
The Komi Republic
The Mari El Republic
The Mordovian Republic
The North Ossetia
The Sakha Republic (Yakutia)
The Tatarstan Republic
The Tyva Republic
The Udmurtia Republic
Tomskaya Oblast
Tulskaya Oblast
Tverskaya Oblast
Tyumenskaya Oblast
Ulyanovskaya Oblast
Ust-Ordynsky Buryatsky AO
Vladimirskaya Oblast
Volgogradskaya Oblast
Vologodskaya Oblast
Voronezhskaya Oblast
Yamalo-Nenetsky AO
Yaroslavskaya Oblast
 :: Search
Search in articles
Search in current section
 :: Constructor
 :: Game server
 :: Test

Kamchatskaya Oblast

Kamchatskaya OblastKamchatkaya Oblast is located on the Kamchatka peninsula and on adjoining part of continent.

Kamchatka, the Russian Far East peninsula, is one of the largest peninsulas on Earth ( about the size of California ) that juts down into the northwestern Pacific from Siberia between Alaska and Japan. It is a beautiful land of contrasting snow and warmth, glaciers and luxuriant vegetation, the mighty Pacific Ocean and brilliant sky. Kamchatka is a special wild place, one of the least spoiled areas of wilderness on Earth. Kamchatka is a mountain country with 29 active and more then 200 extinct volcanoes, with hundreds of hot springs, crystal-clear lakes, streams and rivers. It is now one of the most active segments of the "Ring of Fire", a chain of volcanoes that rim the Pacific Ocean. These volcanoes are still forming, as they have over the past millions of years in the zone where Pacific Plate is colliding with Asia. Some volcanoes are hazardous like 4850-m Sopka Klyuchevskaya, the highest pick in the region. Others are accessible for visitors like Karymsky and Ksudach with their picturesque calderas, crater lakes and hot spring areas. On the average two or three volcanoes erupt each year, so the chances of witnessing the actual eruption are good.

Kamchatka abounds with rivers and lakes. The longest river is Kamchatka river which runs from south to north more then 700 km. Rivers and lakes are rich of fish From May till October different kinds of salmon come up stream to spawning grounds. One of the best of them, for example, is Kurilskoe Lake situated in the south of Kamchatka.

Although sparsely populated by Eskimo and Aleut-related peoples, Kamchatka was not known to Europeans until 18th Century. First "discovered" by Russian Cossacks, the peninsula was also the focus of Peter the Great's decade-long expedition in the middle of the 18th Century. But even since that time for hundreds years it could only be reached by ships and was only visited by trappers and some explorers such as Vitus Bering, Captain Clark, de la Perouse. The presence of some military bases has kept the peninsula shrouded in secrecy throughout the Soviet period, preventing all foreigners and most Soviet citizens the opportunity to travel there. Only since 1990 Kamchatka opened its doors to visitors.

Among the population prevail Russian (over 80 %), up to 7 % make Ukranians, more than 3,5 % fall on indigenous peoples: Koryaks, Aleuts, Chukchis etc. The Kamchatskaya oblast is one of the least populated areas in Russia. Population density is very low: 1 persons occupies 16 square kms of territory. Separate sites of southwest and southeast coasts of peninsula and also a valley of the river of Kamchatka are most populated. The total numbKamchatskaya Oblaster of the population of Kamchatka is 400 000 persons, from them 220 000 thousand are inhabitants of Petropavlovsk - Kamchatka city.

Climate is mainly moderate monsoonal, in the centre - moderate continental, in the north - subarctic; quantity of deposits is till 1000 mm per year. Variety and instability of the weather, caused by a geographical position, influence of Pacific ocean, surrounding seas and relief is usual for a climate of Kamchatka. Visitors of Kamchatka should prepare for surprises of weather. So, in June it is possible to meet not thawn snow in many places.

Kamchatka is the unique ecological open-air museum .
There are a lot of sanatorias, rest houses, which have become liked places of rest and treatment of Kamchatka inhabitants and tourists. Mineral water from several wells is used for treatment of many diseases of stomach, liver, kidneys. Especially amazes visitors the opportunity to bathe in open pool with thermal water even during the frosty winter time.

Copyright © RIN 2001-. Russia Russia site map Feedback